How To Calculate The Times Interest Earned Ratio?

what is times interest earned ratio

Financial risk refers to risk of firm being forced into bankruptcy if the firm does not meet its debt obligations as they come due. Debt-equity ratio measures how much of equity and how much of debt a company uses to finance its assets.

  • Times Interest Earned ratio is the measure of a company’s ability to meet debt obligations, based on its current income.
  • One of them is the company’s decision to either incur debt or issue the stock for capitalization purposes.
  • EBIT is found by subtracting expenses from revenue, excluding tax and interest.
  • The times interest earned ratio is also somewhat biased towards larger, more established companies in safer sectors due to credit terms and interest rates.
  • The Times Interest Earned Ratio measures the ability of the enterprise to meet its financial obligations .
  • By using the formula, it results that your firm’s income is 10 times bigger than the annual interest expense.

The current ratio determines how many times the company can pay off its current liabilities with its current assets. In addition to the solvency ratios, also known as leverage ratios, already discussed, companies are also analyzed through liquidity ratios, efficiency ratios, and profitability ratios. When companies have a low TIE ratio, they are at greater risk of defaulting since their operating income may not be enough to meet their interest expenses. This could indicate a lower profit margin on their products or a too-heavy debt load. A low TIE ratio may be considered anything below 2, depending on the industry and its own historical values.

Times Interest Earned Ratio Analysis

In some respects the times interest ratio is considered a solvency ratio because it measures a firm’s ability to make interest and debt service payments. Since these interest payments are usually made on a long-term basis, they are often treated as an ongoing, fixed expense.

  • A single point ratio may not be an excellent measure as it may include one-time revenue or earnings.
  • When the TIE ratio is 1, the company can barely repay the debt without any cash remaining for tax and other expenses.
  • If the debt-equity ratio is less than one, then it means that equity is mainly used to finance operations.
  • The EBIT figure noted in the numerator of the formula is an accounting calculation that does not necessarily relate to the amount of cash generated.
  • The times interest earned ratio measures a company’s ability to pay its interest expenses.
  • One should also compare ratios of individual firms to industry averages, to obtain a better understanding.

I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article. I/we have no stock, option or similar derivative position in any of the companies mentioned, and no plans to initiate any such positions within the next 72 hours. Gain in-demand industry knowledge and hands-on practice that will help you stand out from the competition and become a world-class financial analyst. However, a high calculation could also mean a company is not prioritizing growth and may not be a strong long-term investment. She has 10+ years of experience in the financial services and planning industry at


Therefore, generally, a higher Times Interest Earned Ratio is the better. Both techniques are very simple to use and effective at analysing capital structure decisions. The health of this ratio is an important factor which contributes to a healthy return on investment (ROI/ROA). Depreciation and amortization are non-cash expenses, and thus, they don’t impact the cash position. TIE indicates whether or not the company earns enough to cover its interest charges. Lenders mostly use it to ascertain if a prospective borrower can be given a loan or not. When you sit down with the financial planner to determine your TIE ratio, they plug your EBIT and your interest expense into the TIE formula.

The company’s operations are much more profitable than any of its peers, which will also result in more profits. EBIT – The profits that the business has got before paying taxes and interest. The TIE ratio is used when a company decides to look for debt or issue the stock for capitalization purposes. A good times interest ratio is highly dependent on the company and its industry.

Additional Tie Example

So you need to look at the terms outlined in your agreement, and the type of debt, so that you can reduce your debt significantly. If you are reporting a loss, then times interest earned ratio your Times Interest Earned ratio will be negative. When you have a net loss, the Times Interest Earned ratio is certainly not the best ratio to concentrate on.

what is times interest earned ratio

Because such interest payments are often made long term, they are generally classified as a continuing, fixed cost. Times Interest Earned ratio is the measure of a company’s ability to meet debt obligations, based on its current income.

Pay The Debts

After performing this calculation, you’ll see a number which ranks the company’s ability to cover interest fees with pre-tax earnings. Generally, the higher the TIE, the more cash the company will have left over. Every business has some kind of debt, and it is of the key ratios that creditors look at to determine a company’s creditworthiness.

what is times interest earned ratio

EBIT is found by subtracting expenses from revenue, excluding tax and interest. This is simple to remember since EBIT stands for Earnings Before Interest and Taxes.


Assume, for example, that XYZ Company has $10 million in 4% debt outstanding and $10 million in common stock. The cost of capital for issuing more debt is an annual interest rate of 6%. The company's shareholders expect an annual dividend payment of 8% plus growth in the stock price of XYZ.

what is times interest earned ratio

He has authored books on technical analysis and foreign exchange trading published by John Wiley and Sons and served as a guest expert on CNBC, BloombergTV, Forbes, and Reuters among other financial media. In other words, Jonick, in 2019, earned, before taxes, 6.7 times the amount of interest incurred. Generally, the higher the Times Interest Earned Ratio the lower the risk an enterprise will not be able to meet its contractual interest obligations on time.

How To Calculate The Times Interest Earned Ratio

Like any metric, the TIE ratio should be looked at alongside other financial indicators and margins. There’s no perfect answer to “what is a good times interest earned ratio?

  • Let’s explore a few more examples of times interest earned ratio and what the ratio results indicate.
  • Obviously, no company needs to cover its debts several times over in order to survive.
  • Rosemary Carlson is an expert in finance who writes for The Balance Small Business.
  • To give you an example – businesses that sell utility products regularly make money as their customers want their product.

This also makes it easier to find the earnings before interest and taxes or EBIT. Times interest earned or interest coverage ratio is a measure of a company's ability to honor its debt payments. It may be calculated as either EBIT or EBITDA divided by the total interest expense. However, as with all financial ratios, Fixed Payment Coverage Ratio should be compared to industry average before any conclusions are drawn. Generally, the higher the Fixed Payment Coverage Ratio the lower the risk that enterprise will not be able to meet its fixed-payment obligations on time. Just like with most fixed expenses, if a firm is not able to make payments, it could lead to bankruptcy and, thus, to the company’s end.

Times Interest Earned Ratio Video

A company's capitalization is the amount of money it has raised by issuing stock or debt, and those choices impact its TIE ratio. Businesses consider the cost of capital for stock and debt and use that cost to make decisions.

However, it is important to note that the EBIT figure used in the calculation should be adjusted for any one-time items or non-operating income/expenses. This will give you a more accurate picture of the company’s true earnings power. For the avoidance of doubt, in determining Net Leverage Ratio, no cash or Cash Equivalents shall be included that are the proceeds of Debt in respect of which the pro forma calculation is to be made. While a low TIE ratio likely indicates a credit risk, investors can turn down companies with very high TIE ratios.

Times Interest Earned Tie Ratio: Definition, Formula, Calculation, Examples, Analysis

If you want an even more clearer picture in terms of cash, you could use Times Interest Earned . It is similar to the times interest earned ratio, but it uses adjusted operating cash flow instead of EBIT. When you use this metric, you are considering the actual cash that the business has to meet its debt obligations. Times interested earned ratio is calculated by dividing EBIT by interest expenses. The result shows how many times a company can pay off its interest expenses with its operating income.

It is important to note, however, that the ratio does have some limitations. Despite its uses, the times interest earned ratio also has its limitations, such as the EBIT not providing an accurate picture as this value does not always reflect the cash generated by the company.

For example, a company with an interest coverage ratio of 2.0 is able to make its interest payments twice over with its EBIT. In general, a company with an interest coverage ratio of less than 1.0 is considered to be in danger of defaulting on its debt payments. Fixed Payment Coverage Ratio measures the ability of the enterprise to meet all of its fixed-payment obligations on time. When analyzing capital structure decisions, we can use the Fixed Payment Coverage Ratio as an indirect measure of the level of debt in the firm’s capital structure. Commonly, the lower the Fixed Payment Coverage Ratio the higher the degree of financial leverage and the higher the risk.

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