Major currencies of the world: Brief overview of 7 most traded currencies

The final commodity currency which appears on most major currency lists is the NZD/USD pair. This is the New Zealand dollar against the US dollar – otherwise known as the ‘kiwi’. Agriculture – as well as international trade and tourism – is key to the New Zealand economy, so the price movements of soft commodities will often play out on NZD/USD. The first thing that many traders will notice about USD/JPY is that the value of a single pip is much larger than that of the majority of other currencies – often only being quoted to two decimal places.

what are the major currencies

Learn how to read currency exchange rates, find out how to trade currency pairs, what is the best time for trading currencies, and what makes a currency pair liquid. The term currency exchange or foreign exchange involves buying and selling of various currencies. Pairs of these currencies are created in order to facilitate trading. A currency pair is a simple quotation, which compares the currency of one country with that of another.

Initially, the Japanese yen was pegged to the value of gold and silver by the New Currency Act of 1871. Together with those two currencies and the Chinese yuan, the pound forms a basket of currencies which is used by the IMF to calculate the value of special drawing rights .

Rise and fall of the Bretton Woods Agreement – and its impact on major currencies of the world

Commodity currencies are those from countries that have large quantities of commodities or other natural resources. The exchange rate of the currencies of these countries are tied to their respective export activities. This is because the strength of the economy can be highly dependent on the prices of their natural resources.

The main factors that affect the euro's performance are consumer price inflation and the interest rate set by the European Central Bank. Euro countries' export indicators and unemployment rates also tend to have an impact on the common currency's performance, since countries like Germany are major exporters of manufactured goods and technology. Europe remains dependent on energies such as Russian gas and oil from the Middle East, so higher demand for these products has a negative effect on the European currency.

what are the major currencies

The eur to usd pair is affected by two important factors, namely the strength of the economy and the monetary policy implemented by the central bank. EUR/USD transactions account for 28% of daily foreign exchange transactions. The major currencies discussed today are the main cash used in world trade.

Live forex currency rates in pairs

The bank’s Monetary Policy Committee meets every month to decide on changes in monetary policy and interest rates, targeting consumer price inflation of 2%. People also refer to the currencies we trade with the most as the majors. The majors make up approximately 85% of the foreign exchange market, and therefore exhibit very high market liquidity. He is also correct that doing so will increase unemployment and slow economic growth. The Fed’s efforts to bring down inflation by increasing interest rates will also make it harder for average Americans to obtain home mortgages, purchase a car, or even pay their utility bills. Those hardest hit by the Fed’s “softening of labor markets” are also the primary victims of the Fed-created price inflation.


Like other CHF pairs in this article, EUR/CHF can be seen as a relatively stable pair due to Switzerland’s safe haven status. The Federal Reserve System is the central bank of the United States and provides the nation with a safe, flexible, and stable financial system. As a result, volatility can be experienced in these pairs if a deleveraging effect takes place. Otherwise, the currencies tend to trade in similar averages of 70 to 80 pips. Both currencies also maintain relationships with commodities, most notably silver and gold. The release of this letter tends to be a harbinger to markets, as it increases the probability of contractionary monetary policy.

Price Action Support and Resistance

The 6 above are the most significant currencies in the foreign exchange market and they are parts of major currencies pairs. It became the official currency for most of the countries that belong to the European Union. There are countries which peg their currencies to the euro, as others do with the U.S. dollar, to stabilise the exchange rates.

Make use of our news and analysis section on the platform, which is updated on a daily basis. It is wise to follow the latest news and economic announcements, such as changes to interest and inflation rates. A trader may buy the EUR/USD pair if they believe the euro will increase in value relative to the dollar. Buying the EUR/USD dollar pair can also be referred to as ‘going long’.

These are uncharted waters, and only time will tell when it comes to the evolution of trading the Yen. According to the Bank for International Settlements, the Euro accounts for a daily average volume of upwards of $800 million. However, the fact they denominate volume in USD highlights the Euro’s number 2 status. Issued by the European Central Bank, the Euro is the official currency of 19 members of the EU, allowing simple cross-border transactions. Australia trades heavily with the all the other major Asian economies especially China, which is Australia’s biggest trading partner.

Examples include the euro and Swiss franc (EUR/CHF), Canadian dollar and Japanese yen (CAD/JPY), or pound sterling and Australian dollar (GBP/AUD). Cross pairs can provide trading opportunities when the majors are presenting less favourable conditions. The foreign exchange market differs from other financial markets in that it has no physical location or central exchange. The forex market is the most popular financial market, traded by individual retail traders, banks and businesses alike. Currency is the most traditional trading instrument trusted worldwide.

The bid price is the price a forex trader is willing to sell a currency pair for. Both of these prices are given in real-time and are constantly updating. As for the USD/CHF, Switzerland stays a hub of private banking and investment management. The Swiss franc, like the Japanese yen, is commonly used by traders in times of international turmoil. There are a number of factors which affect the price movements of every forex pair. These include interest rates, geopolitical instability, the strength of their country’s economy and the level of foreign direct investment in the domestic market.

Well-connected members of the financial elite and crony capitalists benefit from the Federal Reserve’s money creation, as they are the first recipients of the new money. This enables them to increase their purchasing power before the new money has caused general price inflation. By the time the money creation has impacted the middle and working classes, the economy is racked with widespread price inflation. Therefore, a nominal gain in wages is not enough to compensate for the real price increase.

The CAD belongs to the Canadian economy, and is also sometimes referred to as the Loonie. Any sudden spikes up or down in crude prices can influence the value of GBP. The Euro’s value is determined by a number of economic and political influences of the countries’ that make up the Eurozone. The Euro was created with the intention of creating macroeconomic stability across the Euro-area, and to increase control over potential future inflation. Commodities are also compared in value to the USD, with gold and silver also having their place in the Forex spot market – Gold (XAU/USD) and Silver (XAG/USD). Just like the Swiss National Bank, the Bank of Canada is sometimes referred to as a corporation owned by the Ministry of Finance, which holds the bank’s shares.

The Reserve Bank of Australia also has major influence over the AUD/USD. The popularity of the EUR/USD ensures that it trades at tight spreads. High volumes lead to reduced price differences between the bid and offer.

The Major Currencies

This has made the franc a popular currency in times of economic uncertainty or market turmoil, as traders seek markets that are perceived as lower risk – similar to the USD/JPY pair. The Great British Pound is the fourth most traded currency globally, with an average daily turnover of $325+ million . GBP is also another major global reserve currency, trusted by foreign central no spend challenge deutsch banks for its stability. The US dollar is the most traded currency in the forex market, it represents about 86% of all foreign exchange market transactions. It is also used as a measurement tool to evaluate other currencies and commodities. Forex trading offers frequent trading opportunities, as currency prices are constantly fluctuating in value against each other.

The USD/JPY (US Dollar/Japanese Yen) is also known as ‘The Ninja’ and is the second most traded currency pair. The Yen is often used by carry traders who borrow the Yen and invest it into higher yielding currencies. The Bank of Japan has had to combat low inflation and growth for many years, and as a result it has a very low interest rate. The Japanese economy is primarily oriented towards industrial exports.

The popularity of EUR/USD as a currency pair means that it is highly liquid and that brokers often offer tight spreads. Equally, it tends to be less volatile than other currency pairs because the US dollar and the euro are backed by the world’s two largest economies. The reserve bank of Australia has the highest interest rates set across all the major currencies, attracting carry traders. Wall Street's main indexes closed lower on Tuesday, the first session after the U.S. Labor Day holiday and summer vacations, as traders assessed fresh economic data in volatile trading.

Acting independently, Canada's central bank draws similarities with the Swiss National Bank because it is sometimes treated as a corporation, with the minister of finance directly holding shares. As the central bank of the United Kingdom, the Bank of England serves as the monetary equivalent of the Federal Reserve System. Meeting about monetary policy 8 times a year, the governor leads a team of nine policy members, including two appointed deputy governors. The Swiss franc, the Canadian dollar, the Australian and New Zealand dollars, and the South African rand round out the list of top tradable currencies. The European Central Bank holds the right to issue euro banknotes as it sees fit, while policymakers can interject at times of bank or system failures. While just missing out on a place in the top 5 most traded currencies in the world, the Canadian Dollar is another commodity currency in the ilk of the AUD.

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